Lot 12, Test Cut F, Landfill: Gray Sandy Silt with Shell, Charcoal and Brick with Lens of Reddish Brown Silt (624.132)

(17th Century)

This context (Catalog #132: Lot 12, Test Cut F, Stratum 13, Level a) consists of artifacts found within a landfill deposit comprising of gray sandy silt with shell, charcoal, and brick. This context is one of many landfill deposits excavated from Test Cut F in the rear portion of Lot 12. Test Cut F was placed on the site according to the sampling plan for testing the landfill deposits.

The landfill deposits began at approximately 27 to 28 inches below the ground surface of Test Cut F and represent 17th-century landfill. These deposits consist of numerous strata and lenses of various soil types. Between approximately 40 to 49 inches below the surface of the test cut, the fill consisted of several strata of gray sandy silt with shell, charcoal, and brick with a lens of reddish-brown silt. These strata were excavated as strata 12, 13, and 14. A three to eight inch thick stratum of light brown coarse sand containing shell was excavated beneath this level. Additional levels of landfill were excavated beneath these strata to a depth of 81 inches below ground surface with river bottom deposits found beneath the landfill deposits.

For more information about the deposits associated with Lot 12, please read pages 155 to 191 of the 7 Hanover Square site report.

  • Collection method

    Excavated this context using trowels. All soil was dry-screened using 1/4 inch mesh.

  • Soil description

    Reddish sandy silt

  • Munsell

    Not recorded

7 Hanover Square

Manhattan, 7 Hanover Square

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