Lot 12, Test Cut F, Landfill: Brown and Reddish Brown Sand and Silty Sand (624.127)

(17th Century)

This context (Catalog #127: Lot 12, Test Cut F, Stratum 11, Level a) consists of artifacts found within a brown and reddish-brown sand and silty sand landfill deposit. This context is one of many landfill deposits excavated from Test Cut F in the rear portion of Lot 12. Test Cut F was placed on the site according to the sampling plan for testing the landfill deposits.

The landfill deposits began at approximately 27 to 28 inches below the ground surface of Test Cut F and represent 17th-century landfill. These deposits consist of numerous strata and lenses of various soil types. Between approximately 27 to 44 inches below the surface of the test cut, the fill consisted of several strata of brown and reddish-brown sand and silty sand which were excavated as strata 10 and 11. This soil did not have a high artifact density but did contain a high shell density, most of which was concentrated in a lens in the north and west parts of the square and was present toward the top of these deposits. Lenses of reddish-brown silt occupied much of the southwest corner of the test cut. Additional levels of landfill were excavated beneath these strata to a depth of 81 inches below ground surface with river bottom deposits found beneath the landfill deposits. 

For more information about the deposits associated with Lot 12, please read pages 155 to 191 of the 7 Hanover Square site report.

  • Collection method

    Excavated this context using trowels. All soil was dry-screened using 1/4 inch mesh.

  • Soil description

    Reddish sandy silt

  • Munsell

    Not recorded

7 Hanover Square

Manhattan, 7 Hanover Square

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