Lot 9, Test Cut AR, Early-20th-Century Fill, Strata IX (544.980)

(Early-20th Century)

Introduction: Lots 8, 9, and 15 are modern designations for adjacent parcels of land that were owned together and used as a single property until the early 1830's. Excavations produced important discoveries like that of the Colonial-era Lovelace Tavern, proving that significant archaeological resources could still exist in urban spaces. Project archaeologists were able to lobby for increased time and funds to continue their work on the strength of these finds, leading to additional discoveries. In all, the project provided considerable information about the history of New York City and its inhabitants from the 17th to the 20th centuries.

Rationale: Project archaeologists continued to test the backyard area of Lot 9, placing Test Cut AR to the west of Test Cut AO. Important archaeological features were discovered in this test cut, including a late-18th- to mid-19th-century privy. Privies were essential structures for New York City residents before the introduction of utilities like water, sewers, and indoor plumbing in the mid- to late-19th century. In all, Test Cut AR is an important resource for understanding the history and development of Lot 9.

Results: An oval, dry-laid stone privy was discovered during excavations of Test Cut AR and is thought to have been used by the residents of Lot 9 between the late-18th and mid-19th century. However, looting at the site caused the privy to collapse during excavations. While a significant amount of information was lost, archaeologists were able to determine that the privy contained three separate historic filling episodes. This particular level contains redeposited, mixed materials resulting from ground leveling activities in the early-20th century. While located inside of the privy, this deposit does not date to when it was in use.  

Lot 9, Test Cut AR, Stratum IX, Level D

  • Collection method

    Shovel, Trowel, 50% Screen (1/4-inch mesh). Arbitrary 4-inch Level.

  • Soil description

    Pink Sand with Mortar

  • Munsell

    5YR 6/4

Stadt Huys Block


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