Lot 8/16, Test Cut B, Disturbed Early-18th-Century Deposit, Strata I (554.024)

(Early-18th - 19th Century)

Introduction: People have occupied and modified Lot 16 – a small parcel of land that once fronted Pearl Street – for a long time. However, only two buildings are on record as having been built on the Lot in the past 400 years. The earliest Colonial building was constructed sometime between 1660-1672 and the latest historic building in 1870. In addition, walls, outbuildings, and other structures were installed over the life of the Lot. Each building episode leaves below-ground traces for archaeologists to find. The history of a site can then be pieced together by "reading" the layers beneath the earth's surface (also known as stratigraphy) and analyzing its artifacts. One of the main tasks for the archaeologists on the Stadt Huys project was to determine what, if any, historical remains still existed beneath the modern ground surface

Rationale: Test Cuts B and D were placed in an enclosed, rectangular area below the southwest corner of Lot 16. This area was bounded by brick and stone walls on all sides, including a 2-foot brick wall in-between Test Cuts B/B2 and D. These test cuts were excavated during the initial phase of field work in early October 1979 and thus were hugely important to the development of the site's testing methodology. Though these test cuts are listed as Lot 8 on field paperwork, their interpretation and contextual information in the site report was included in Lot 16. Test Cut B refers to both Test Cuts B/B1 and its B2 extension. 

Results: This level contains late-17th- and early-18th-century artifacts. However, it appears to be disturbed as the level also contains some 19th-century ceramics. Researchers determined that the deposit was likely removed from its original location on the lot and redeposited here as part of construction or ground-leveling efforts in the 19th century.   

Lot 8/16, Test Cut B, Stratum I, Level G

  • Collection method

    Shovel, Trowel, Screen (1/4-inch mesh). Arbitrary 4-inch Level.

  • Soil description

    Brown Sandy Silt

  • Munsell

    7.5YR 4/4

Stadt Huys Block


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